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Hombuja/Humcha is an ancient Jain Heritage Centre in the Shimoga district of Karnataka, with its history dating back to the 7th century A.D. The city was established by Jinadattaraya a devotee of Goddess Padmavati. It is the most popular of all the Padmavathi shrines in the world. It remained as the capital of the Santhara kingdom till the end of 12th century and was ruled by many other rulers over the centuries. It houses the ancient Bhattarakha Peetha with Jagadguru His Holiness SwastiSri Devendrakerthi Bhattaraka Swamiji as its pontiff.
WWW.HOMBUJAPADMAVATI.ORG is the official website of Hombuja Jain Math. This website is aimed at giving the first hand information about the activities at Sri Kshstra Hombuja and authentic information about the history and temples of Hombuja.

An inscriptional reference mentions that the Panchakuta Basadi at Hombuja was built in the year A.D. 1077 by Chattala Devi who was married the prince of Pallavas. This temple has five Garbagrihas and hence the name Panchakuta Basadi. It has an ancient Manasthambha and many other ruined Jain idols are preserved in the premises of the temple by the Archeological Survey of India (ASI). We can find the idols of Lord Adinath, Shanthinath, Aranatha, Chandranatha and Parshwanath in the Panchakutas.

Sri Jain Math, Hombuja

The Jain Math is attached to the main temple complex to its right. Its entrance is flanked by Dwarapalakas. It is the official residence of His Holiness Swasti Sri Devendrakeerthi Bhattaraka Swamiji the pontiff of the Math. The main administrative office is housed in the same building.

Behind the Jain Math adjacent to the main building is attached the dining hall. Free food facilities are provided to the devotees here.

History of Hombuja Jain Math – The Jain Math at Humcha/Hombuja might have been established during the period of Jinadattaraya. There are references about the relation of the Hombuja Jain Math with Varanga. The pontiff of the Hombuja Jain Math is called as SwastiSri Devendrakeerthi Bhattraka Swamiji. The Bhattaraka at Hombuja is said to belong to the Kundakundanvaya Saraswathi Gachha tradition.

 

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 This temple is located to the right of Parshwanath temple on its rear side. This is a brick & concrete structure. It houses the idol of Kshetrapala.

This is a brick and concrete structure that has undergone repeated renovations. It has about 2 feet high stone idol of Goddess Padmavathi and a white coloured marble idol of Lord Parshwanatha in padmasana as the main deities. This is the idol that is looked upon with high degree of devotion and reverence across the world. Both the idols are installed atop the well. Behind the temple is found the Lakki tree, related to the story of Goddess Padmavathi. The tree is protected by a concrete structure with stone idols of Nagashilpa, Lord Parshwanath, Goddess Padmavathi and Jinadattaraya.

This temple was constructed by TrailokyaMalla Veera Santhara in A.D.1062. Later, the temple was renovated in 1950. This temple is also called as Nokki Abbe temple.

This is a old stone structure and is in the form of a typical ancient temple with the Navaranga, Sukanasi and Garbagriha. In the navaranga are placed the peetha/seat and the paduka of the Bhattaraka, and an ancient idol of Goddess Ambika. On the right side of Navaranga are found two black coloured stone idols of Lord Parshwanath, one of these idols is in Kayotsarga and is very ancient and the other is a new idol in padmasana. To the left of the Navaranga is found an ancient black coloured idol of Lord Parshwanath in Kayotsarga. This idol called as Upasarga Parshwanath and is considered as the only one of its kind in the world as it has the figures of two humans troubling Lord Parshwnanath while in penance and the same humans have bowed down to Lord Parshwanath on either sides of the feet.

Main Deity – Lord Parshwanath is the main deity of the temple. It is a 4 feet high idol in Padmasana mounted on a pedestal (Peetha). This idol is flanked by Chamaradharis on either side, Dharanendra Yaksha on its right & Goddess Padmavati on its left.

First Floor – This has the idols of Lord Mahavir and other Tirthankaras.

Second Floor – This has the marble idol of Lord Parshwanath in Padmasana.

The main temple complex begins with a series of 11 steps spread over an area of around 20 feet. In the midst of the steps is found an ancient Manasthambha and on climbing few steps we come across a huge open hall similar to a Mukha Mantapa in ancient temples. On moving ahead of the open hall in the centre is found the Parshwanath temple, to its right are placed a series of ancient Jain idols recovered from different parts of Karnataka some of which are in its ruins. Further, ahead of the Jain idols is found the Kshetrapala Brahma Yaksha temple.To the left of the Parshwanatha temple is found the Padmavati Basadi.

Pattanna Swamy Nokaiah Setty a powerful officer of Veerasantha had built the Pattana Swamy Jinalaya in Hombuja and had donated a village to carry on the day to day pooja of the temple. He was called as “Samyaktva Vaarashi”. He owned many Jain idols made of Silver, Gold & precious stones.

He had built many ponds & water tanks for the betterment of people. Santhara king Tylapa had donated a village to the temple built by Pattanna Swamy Nokaiah Setty. Divakara Setty, guru of Nokaiah Setty had written a interpreter book on Tatvartha Sutra in Kannada. Unlike the kings the merchant  class have also patronised Hombjua over the centuries.

The credit of patronising Jainism in South India & the region in and around Hombuja goes to the Santharas. We can find first references of Santharas in the inscriptions installed by the Chalukyan king Vinayaditya. As already mentioned in this website the Santhara kingdom was established by Jinadattaraya. He was a staunch follower of Jainism and had donated a village by name Kumbhasikapura for carrying out day to day abisheka of Jain idols.

Vikrama Santha had built a separate residence to his guru Mouni Siddantha Bhattaraka of kunda Kundanvaya  tradition in 897 A.D. The Gudda Basadi was built by him & he had donated the idol of Lord Bahubali to be installed at the temple.

Bhujabali Santha had built a Jain temple at Hombuja & had named it after him. Further, he had donated the village Harivara for the well being of his guru Kanakanandi deva.

Nanni Santha, brother of Bhujabali Santha was a staunch follower of Jainism & was very much involved in pooja and other rituals.

An inscription of A.D. 1103 states that Malla Santha in memory of his wife Veera Abbarasi & in honour to his Guru Vadigaratta Ajithasena Pandita Deva had laid the foundation stone of a temple at Hombuja. This temple was built in front of the present Pancha Basadi.

Bhujbalaganga Permadi (A.D. 1115) one of the rulers of Hombuja had renovated a temple & had donated several villages to it. This temple was built by Dadiga & Madhava the founders of Ganga kingdom.

Nanniyaganga, son of Bhujabalaganga renovated the same temple in A.D. 1122 and donated some lands to the temple. Nanniyaganga built 25 Jain temples for popularising the religion.

Veerasantha (A.D. 1172) who suceeded Nanniyaganga was called as “Jinadevana Charana Kamalgala Bhrama” as a mark of respect to his contribution to Jainism.

The Santharas ruled the region till the end of 12th century & their control declined from the mid of 13th century. They lost control on most of the area and prevailed as ministers in different regions around the present Chikamagalur district.

Around the beginning of 15th century they ruled over the Karkala region of Tulundu & had Keravase as their capital.

The Guddade Basadi was built by King Vikrama Santha & he had donated the idol of Lord Bahubali.

Unlike the men even the women of Santhara dynasty have ruled the region. Jakkaladevi and Kalaladevi are foremost among them. They were also known for their prudence in literary field. Pampadevi daughter of Vikrama Santhara was well versed in ‘Adipurana’ of Jinasenacharya & was called as Shasana Devatae.

Historical references state that the Santharas had extended special aid to the Hoysalas. One of the reference states that as a mark of respect to this, the Hoysala king Gangaraja Butaga had honoured Nanni Santhara by giving him a rousing welcome and made him sit on his throne. In 1292 during the pattabhisheka mahotsava of Veera Ballala-III, Dwarasamudra, the then capital of Hoysalas was attacked by enemies. On this instance the Santhara king Pandyadeva had chased away the enemies.

Hiranyagarbha who suceeded Jinadattaraya conquered ‘Santhalige’ which belongs to the current Tirthahalli taluk. Hence the family was called as Santhara family. Nanni Santhara, Vikrama Santhara, Veera Santhara, Vijayaditya Santhara & others are some of the popular Santhara kings.

Hombuja is well connected by good roads to all parts of Karnataka. It is situated at a distance of 55 Kms from the district centre Shimoga, 20 Kms from Hosanagara, 28 Kms from Tirthahalli & 80 Kms from Sagara.

Approach Routes & Distance –

  • From Shimoga – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance – 55 Kms.
  • From Mangalore – Mangalore – Moodabidri – Karkala – Someshwara – Agumbe – Tirthahalli – Hombuja, distance – 160 Kms.
  • From Bangalore – Bangalore – Tumkur – Gubbi – Tiptur – Arsikere – Kadur – Birur – Tarikere – Bhadravathi – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance – 335.
  • From Chitradurga – Chitradurga – Channagiri – Holalkere – Shimoga -Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance – 165.
  • From Hubli – Hubli – Haveri – Ranebennur – Shikaripura – Anantpur – Ripponpet, distance – 226.
  • From Belgaum – Belgaum – Hubli – Haveri – Ranebennur – Shikaripura – Anantpur – Ripponpet, distance – 323.
  • From Mysore – Mysore – Srirangapatna – Pandavapura – Krishnarajapet – Channarayapatna – Arsikere – Kadur – Birur – Tarikere – Bhadravathi – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance 302.
  • From Shravanabelagola – Shravanabelagola – Channarayapatna – Arsikere – Kadur – Birur – Tarikere – Bhadravathi – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance 227.
  • From Chennai – Chennai – Sri Preambudur – Vellore – Krishnagiri – Hosur – Bangalore – Tumkur – Gubbi – Tiptur – Arsikere – Kadur – Birur – Tarikere – Bhadravathi – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance 688.

Railway Stations – Arsalu, the nearest railway station, is at a distance of 25 Kms from Hombuja. Other railway stations near Hombuja are Shimoga and Talaguppa.

Airports – The nearest airports to Hombuja are Mangalore (151 Kms), Bangalore (358 Kms) and Hubli (228 Kms).

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Hombuja also called as Pombuchha, Hombuchha & Hombuja is located in Hosanagara taluk, Shimoga district, Karnataka.
Hombuja is situated at a distance of 55 Kms from the district centre Shimoga, 20 Kms from Hosanagara the taluk centre and 80 Kms Sagara.
Approach Routes & Distance –
  • From Shimoga – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance – 55 Kms.
  • From Mangalore – Mangalore – Moodabidri – Karkala – Someshwara – Agumbe – Tirthahalli – Hombuja, distance – 160 Kms.
  • From Bangalore – Bangalore – Tumkur – Gubbi – Tiptur – Arsikere – Kadur – Birur – Tarikere – Bhadravathi – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance – 335.
  • From Chitradurga – Chitradurga – Channagiri – Holalkere – Shimoga -Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance – 165.
  • From Hubli – Hubli – Haveri – Ranebennur – Shikaripura – Anantpur – Ripponpet, distance – 226.
  • From Belgaum – Belgaum – Hubli – Haveri – Ranebennur – Shikaripura – Anantpur – Ripponpet, distance – 323.
  • From Mysore – Mysore – Srirangapatna – Pandavapura – Krishnarajapet – Channarayapatna – Arsikere – Kadur – Birur – Tarikere – Bhadravathi – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance 302.
  • From Shravanabelagola – Shravanabelagola – Channarayapatna – Arsikere – Kadur – Birur – Tarikere – Bhadravathi – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance 227.
  • From Chennai – Chennai – Sri Preambudur – Vellore – Krishnagiri – Hosur – Bangalore – Tumkur – Gubbi – Tiptur – Arsikere – Kadur – Birur – Tarikere – Bhadravathi – Shimoga – Ripponpet – Hombuja, distance 688.

Railway Stations – Arsalu,the nearest railway station, is at a distance of 25 Kms from Hombuja. Other railway stations near Hombuja are Shimoga and Talaguppa.

Airports – The nearest airports to Hombuja are Mangalore (151 Kms), Bangalore (358 Kms) and Hubli (228 Kms).