History

Hombuja also called as Pombuchha, Hombuchha & Hombuja has its history that dates back to the 7th century. Historical references state that the city of Hombuja was established by Jinadattaraya. Jinadattaraya was a devotee of Goddess Padmavati. Inscriptional references at Hombuja state that he belonged to the Urga vamsha of North Mathura. However, one cannot find any inscriptional references about this at Mathura.
It can be learnt from historical references that Jinadattaraya defeated the King Andasura who ruled over the present Anantapura in Shimoga district & included it as a part of his dynasty.

Pattanna Swamy Nokaiah Setty a powerful officer of Veerasantha had built the Pattana Swamy Jinalaya in Hombuja and had donated a village to carry on the day to day pooja of the temple. He was called as “Samyaktva Vaarashi”. He owned many Jain idols made of Silver, Gold & precious stones.

He had built many ponds & water tanks for the betterment of people. Santhara king Tylapa had donated a village to the temple built by Pattanna Swamy Nokaiah Setty. Divakara Setty, guru of Nokaiah Setty had written a interpreter book on Tatvartha Sutra in Kannada. Unlike the kings the merchant  class have also patronised Hombjua over the centuries.

The credit of patronising Jainism in South India & the region in and around Hombuja goes to the Santharas. We can find first references of Santharas in the inscriptions installed by the Chalukyan king Vinayaditya. As already mentioned in this website the Santhara kingdom was established by Jinadattaraya. He was a staunch follower of Jainism and had donated a village by name Kumbhasikapura for carrying out day to day abisheka of Jain idols.

Vikrama Santha had built a separate residence to his guru Mouni Siddantha Bhattaraka of kunda Kundanvaya  tradition in 897 A.D. The Gudda Basadi was built by him & he had donated the idol of Lord Bahubali to be installed at the temple.

Bhujabali Santha had built a Jain temple at Hombuja & had named it after him. Further, he had donated the village Harivara for the well being of his guru Kanakanandi deva.

Nanni Santha, brother of Bhujabali Santha was a staunch follower of Jainism & was very much involved in pooja and other rituals.

An inscription of A.D. 1103 states that Malla Santha in memory of his wife Veera Abbarasi & in honour to his Guru Vadigaratta Ajithasena Pandita Deva had laid the foundation stone of a temple at Hombuja. This temple was built in front of the present Pancha Basadi.

Bhujbalaganga Permadi (A.D. 1115) one of the rulers of Hombuja had renovated a temple & had donated several villages to it. This temple was built by Dadiga & Madhava the founders of Ganga kingdom.

Nanniyaganga, son of Bhujabalaganga renovated the same temple in A.D. 1122 and donated some lands to the temple. Nanniyaganga built 25 Jain temples for popularising the religion.

Veerasantha (A.D. 1172) who suceeded Nanniyaganga was called as “Jinadevana Charana Kamalgala Bhrama” as a mark of respect to his contribution to Jainism.

The Santharas ruled the region till the end of 12th century & their control declined from the mid of 13th century. They lost control on most of the area and prevailed as ministers in different regions around the present Chikamagalur district.

Around the beginning of 15th century they ruled over the Karkala region of Tulundu & had Keravase as their capital.

The Guddade Basadi was built by King Vikrama Santha & he had donated the idol of Lord Bahubali.

Unlike the men even the women of Santhara dynasty have ruled the region. Jakkaladevi and Kalaladevi are foremost among them. They were also known for their prudence in literary field. Pampadevi daughter of Vikrama Santhara was well versed in ‘Adipurana’ of Jinasenacharya & was called as Shasana Devatae.

Historical references state that the Santharas had extended special aid to the Hoysalas. One of the reference states that as a mark of respect to this, the Hoysala king Gangaraja Butaga had honoured Nanni Santhara by giving him a rousing welcome and made him sit on his throne. In 1292 during the pattabhisheka mahotsava of Veera Ballala-III, Dwarasamudra, the then capital of Hoysalas was attacked by enemies. On this instance the Santhara king Pandyadeva had chased away the enemies.

Hiranyagarbha who suceeded Jinadattaraya conquered ‘Santhalige’ which belongs to the current Tirthahalli taluk. Hence the family was called as Santhara family. Nanni Santhara, Vikrama Santhara, Veera Santhara, Vijayaditya Santhara & others are some of the popular Santhara kings.